And with that consideration, I vote for shutting the drive down when it's not in use. RC integrator: why does it convert a triangular wave into a sine wave? Modern operating systems, including Windows, often use swap space to both allow applications to allocate and use more memory than the physically installed RAM, as well as to make more efficient use of the much faster RAM. So if I am saving some pictures quickly from online I just save them to my desktop so I force myself to sort them later (gotta have a clean desktop). Hence, we have shown that "a mechanical hard drive" does not necessarily "[always spin] when the computer is powered on". When I close the screen to put the the laptop into Sleep mode, how long does it take for the mechanical HDD inside to spin down? Be responsible and help save the planet by saving electricity and switching it off. For a trivial example, consider a system with two rotational HDDs, with one of those as the system startup drive and the other used for other purposes (backups, maybe? What about "Terumah" from fields that his wife inherited from her family? It's even possible, though I'm not sure modern versions of Windows supports that at all, to build systems that have no local persistent storage capability whatsoever, getting everything they need from another host on the network. Therefore we normally prefer not excessive spin ups or spin downs with a hard drive. Super User is a question and answer site for computer enthusiasts and power users. As a result, the disk does not automatically spin up when power is applied. It depends on the drive used and the configuration of the operating system. [Email your tech questions to answer@pcworld.com or post them on the PCW Answer Line forum. But my roommate, who has both 1TB and the 500GB externals, says that they stop spinning when not in use. I suppose my other option is buy a Sata switch, so I can actually turn off hard drives that are not being used. For that matter, you can kill a drive by leaving it off and untouched for too long (I've actually done that). You can change the spin down behavior (i.e. Spin speed (rotations per minute, or RPM) is relatively important. Should I let it do that, or keep it constantly running if I want it to live as long as possible? Do internal hard drives not being accessed inside the tower case, power up & spin when PC is on? Is there a way to turn these drives off when not in use? I've never let drives spin down, and I have only had 2 hard drives ever die, ever. ), But I got a very different answer from Steve Gibson, author of SpinRite, a venerable and highly-regarded hard drive maintenance program. Does a mechanical hard drive (not SSD) spin constantly while the machine is on? Each pulse moved the actuator over the platters in predefined steps. To subscribe to this RSS feed, copy and paste this URL into your RSS reader. Most operating systems can also be set to spin down a hard drive that has not been used for a predefined period of inactivity. The power is used when the hard disk is reading and writing, writing more than reading. A hard drive, be it internal or external, may fail to spin up due to several reasons, generally a mechanical or electrical failure. My System Specs. A pagefile is not always busy and a system drive can and will spin down when idle. One option near the top should be "Hard Disk". I have gone into power manager and set the timer to turn them off after 3 … On a Win10 desktop, the default seems to be 10 minutes. It would only spin up later, when issued an ATA command. And i always unplug it when not in use. ", I asked Langa if he still agreed with what he'd written nearly eight years ago. Tech Support. Stack Exchange network consists of 176 Q&A communities including Stack Overflow, the largest, most trusted online community for developers to learn, share their knowledge, and build their careers. Making statements based on opinion; back them up with references or personal experience. Expand that to see (and set) how long the HDD will wait between when it was last accessed and when it spins down to save power. The faster a disk (platter) spins, the faster your computer can find the file you want. With the new i7-8700K build (every thing running nominally) I noticed on the hardware monitor that the spinning drives are always between 28 and 33c. Is it wise to keep some savings in a cash account to protect against a long term market crash? Typically my hard drives are in use for 5-7yrs before I retire them per upgrades. How to stop my 6 year-old son from running away and crying when faced with a homework challenge? Personally I just leave mine on all the time. However spin up and spin down of a traditional hard drive will, in general, decrease its life. Do hot spare drives spin when not in use, or are they parked/powered down until one of the array's drives fail? But so can running it around the clock. You should also keep in mind that many hard disk drive failures happen during spin-up, so having the disk spin up and down repeatedly may increase the probability of it failing during use. On Linux systems you often have to configure power saving parameters for your hard drive manually. It only takes a minute to sign up. In a 2005 article, he wrote that "Most of the normal wear is on the drive bearings: They’re always in use whenever the motor’s spinning, even if the rest of the drive is idle. To learn more, see our tips on writing great answers. It depends on the drive used and the configuration of the operating system. depends on the bearings and … Or would it stop spinning at all until next user action? I would say 1 hour of not in use is the most. If you open the computer case and remove the power cable from the second drive (which is allowed by modern interfaces; it's termed "hot removal" in the SATA standard), then pretty obviously the second drive will no longer be spinning, since there is no electrical power for the drive motor, yet the system is still running. Because spinning up takes some non-negligible amount of time (usually on the order of seconds), we generally want to keep the hard drive spinning for a while after the most recent disk activity. My OS, and subsequently my desktop is installed on an ssd. The amount of energy you will save from powering down an otherwise inactive hard disk will be tiny. Different operating systems expose this functionality in different ways, but just about anything reasonably modern will have some way of setting these power savings settings. There are cheaper/smaller switches, I just posted that one as an example. Much better record than anyone I know. A 7,200 RPM hard drive is obviously faster than a 5,400 RPM hard drive. I have several hard drives in my tower & some in external hard drive enclosures. In addition to technology, freelance journalist (and sometimes humorist) Lincoln Spector is a passionate cinephile who writes the Bayflicks.net movie blog. the disks never spin down, is this a bug ?, OS is WHS2011, setting in energy management is 15min is this a known bug ? Once the disk is up to speed the wear and energy … Is there a remote desktop solution for Gnu/Linux as performant as RDP for MS-Windows? because backups are always good.). Who counts as a "player", for Steam achievement percentages? (Full disclosure: Fred and I both write for Windows Secrets. Some HDDs might slow down to a lower speed rather than stopping entirely, but I think they generally stop spinning entirely once the idle threshold is reached. There are a number of situations that can cause a mechanical hard drive to spin down. Whether or not the hard drive spins constantly depends thus on: For example, setting the period of time before the hard drive spins down to 30 minutes means that it is less likely to spin down than if it is set to 5 minutes. which we can answer with yes. I'm wondering if anyone knows of external hard drives --eSATA preferably-- that spin down when not in use? If the system doesn't need to access the hard drive for normal operations, then it's perfectly possible for it to boot from a HDD, take whatever preparatory steps may be necessary, and then allow the drive to spin down while working with data in RAM only, with the hard disk spinning up only very occasionally if indeed at all. Older hard drives used a stepper motor actuator, which moved the heads based on a motor reacting to stepper pulses. site design / logo © 2020 Stack Exchange Inc; user contributions licensed under cc by-sa. 0s and 1s). Your chances of crashing that drive before you replace it with something better will be about equal either way. Most of the wear on the drive spindle takes place during start up when it is cold and is using a lot of energy to bring it up to speed. I recommend not setting them to spin down too quickly as lots of spin ups and downs is not good for the disk (lots of temp changes etc). However, when the data is accessed from the drive it starts spinning fast. All standard drives spin down in OS X with inactivity and with sleep. Does a Kohen have to give "Chalah" from his own dough? To see what your PC's current settings regarding drive inactivity are, open "Power Settings" (on a desktop you can search for it from Start or in the Control Panel; on a laptop you should be able to right-click the battery/plug icon in the system tray). Let's take them in turn. Most operating systems can also be set to spin down a hard drive that has not been used for a predefined period of inactivity. Completely disabling swap may however have unintended side effects, as also explained here. This can cause disk accesses even when those would not be expected, and thus prevent the disk from spinning down. I am assuming this is an internal drive. if you are a DJ and can't have any disk spin downs). An example of such a system could be one that is running number-crunching applications that don't require a large amount of storage. PCWorld helps you navigate the PC ecosystem to find the products you want and the advice you need to get the job done. Copyright © 2020 IDG Communications, Inc. I wont do a lot for wear ether. The drives are rated for only so many spinups/spindowns, and if you cycle them too frequently, the drive will start to exceed its rated capacity for this. Modern operating systems rely on a stored paging file to handle virtual memory, and this will keep the disk spinning (because it always busy). I'm guess this is because the hard drives spin down when they're not in use for while. Some hard drives will automatically spin down after a predefined period of inactivity, particularly those intended to save energy. As long as you keep them cool, you won't have an issue. Windows Swap (Page File): Enable or Disable? When the drive is not in use, it spins in a low rate. @DavidVernon: Incorrect. So i have an SSD with windows, programs and my favourite games installed. So I'm wondering, do you guys usually let your hard drives spin down, or is it okay to leave them running all the time? Our engineer found the drives had the Power-up in Standby (PUIS), or power management 4 mode (PM4), enabled in the hard disk configuration. On Windows machines hard drives automatically sleep and spin down when they are not in use. Is there a G-test equivalent for continuous variables? Some hard drives will automatically spin down after a predefined period of inactivity, particularly those intended to save energy. By shutting the hdd off, it wont be using as much energy. Or do they just merely spin to a lower rpm when not in use? i tried also flexraid storagepool and the drives spin down. Therefore he leaves his plugged in constantly. does a mechanical hard drive (not SSD) spinning ALWAYS when the computer is powered ON? However, for reasons of power consumption (rotational hard drives need some 5-10 watts of power just to keep the platters spinning; the exact figure varies, and depends on several different factors), we may want to spin down the drive after a while and accept that the next I/O request is going to take longer to complete. Feb 15, 2013 #11 A. asgards Limp Gawd. Note that this assumes you're using desktop or server-style 3.5" drives, and not actual laptop drives, which are rated for a much-higher number of spin-downs. It might also be worth noting that spinning a hard drive up and down repeatedly can place more wear on it than leaving it running constantly. This theoretically extends the life of your USB or SATA hard drive. What makes representing qubits in a 3D real vector space possible? Windows 7 “Save as” dialog waking up all HDDs, Offline HDD keeps spinning under windows 10. Thanks for contributing an answer to Super User! With the software spin-down solution, all the hard drives still power on when the computer starts. Changing the timing may help keep tasks from overlapping and working the hard drive harder (that is not covered below, but you can check those tasks and their schedules). I have a 1TB Western Digital book external hard drive. Problem with mathematical text in xelatex. "grep string | grep string" with awk without pipe, Finding sum of all pixels in raster using QGIS, user not in sudo group but can perform sudo operations, If the hard drive has been configured to automatically spin down after a set period of time, If the period of time after which the hard drive has been configured to automatically spin down ever elapses during normal use. By using our site, you acknowledge that you have read and understand our Cookie Policy, Privacy Policy, and our Terms of Service. Why are most discovered exoplanets heavier than Earth? Hard Drives Disc's all SPIN Around on Ball Bearings and in the same Lube...some bearings might last for years....some not! Typically, hard drives do not shut themselves down unless your comptuer is set to "sleep" or "hibernate". On the other hand, the question you probably meant to ask. Table with vertical text, and \multicolumn. In other words, these things are fragile, and there's little agreement on how best to treat them. Thank you, Brian Really bad news. Hard drives generally continue to spin, but there are power saving options within windows to set this to switch off within a certain period of time as well as the screen. In story writing, can I switch between stating the character's thought in italics to indirectly narrating them? Click "Change Plan Settings" for your current power plan, then click "Change advanced power settings". i use Drivebender v1210 with non duplicated folder with 3 disk. Can I prevent a secondary HDD from spinning up when waking my computer? If there's that much controversy between experts (and I've read plenty of others on both sides), the differences can't be that great. For example, after booting Windows and everything else, when the computer is idle. I found this Fantom drive (and a TB equivalent) that accomplish it, and I guess it would be fine, but just wondering if there are alternatives. Is Hard Drive Speed Important? I have other hard drives for media storage and games. You use less electricity, and that's better for your monthly bills and for the planet. This saves power, and possibly reduces wear on the drive. rev 2020.12.18.38240, The best answers are voted up and rise to the top, Super User works best with JavaScript enabled, Start here for a quick overview of the site, Detailed answers to any questions you might have, Discuss the workings and policies of this site, Learn more about Stack Overflow the company, Learn more about hiring developers or posting ads with us. in other words how long should I wait before it's safe to bring the laptop elsewhere? Asking for help, clarification, or responding to other answers. Oh, and both drives that died happened after a power down then up. I also have 2x 1TB WD Blue HDD which i store exclusively games on. Most Windows systems automatically power down HDDs after a period of inactivity. I checked with two experts on hard drive technology, and got two very different answers to the leave on/turn off controversy. It's getting annoying & confusing. Does the HDD drive keep spinning continuously in this state? Every time you’ll access the hard drive it will spin up again. in a system with a single mechanical hard drive, is it possible for the hard drive to spin down while the system is working? On 7200RPM disks can be a second or two. After a little while of not being used, the hard drive "spins down" and stays like that until i do something on the laptop. Contributing Editor, Hi. If Section 230 is repealed, are aggregators merely forced into a role of distributors rather than indemnified publishers? Note: When you purchase something after clicking links in our articles, we may earn a small commission. But with external drives, you’ll hardly notice a difference between the two RPM speeds. I have an SSD that I boot off of, so the data disk isn't needed most of the time and can safely go idle and stop spinning. With the physical switch you can leave the power turned off to them completely until you want to use them. "Cycling the drive [turning it off and on] is definitely worse for it…Almost everyone's experience [with hard drive crashes is] that they turn on a computer that was working perfectly the last time it was in use [and it doesn't work anymore].". Would running them all the time decrease longevity, and would the increased power demands make a big difference on the electricity bill (for say, 6 hard drives)? 02 Apr 2012 #4: FliGi7 . Due to energy saving settings many hard drives will spin down when they are not in use or are inactive. Every time I use my hard drive, I hear it spin up then spin down after a while. Control Panel --> Power Options --> Turn Off Hard Disks after x time Only downside is spin up time when you need to access them. In my power options, ive set my hard drives to spin down after 1 minute of no use, mainly due to the hard drives causing a small amount of vibration noise when they are running which i prefer not to hear. Since the hard drive is connected using an USB dongle, let's check the power settings set for the USB controller using which the external hard drive is connected. There are two aspects to your question. He did. 1,814 posts I think this is a topic of debate, whether spinning drives up/down often wears out a hard drive faster than just letting them remain spinning while not in use. How would one justify public funding for non-STEM (or unprofitable) college majors to a non college educated taxpayer? Indeed, they are not … On any personal computer (especially a Windows computer), the drive housing the operating system will never spin down. By Lincoln Spector, By clicking “Post Your Answer”, you agree to our terms of service, privacy policy and cookie policy. Since they are supposed to spin down when not in use, I thought that this was strange. How do politicians scrutinize bills that are thousands of pages long? Hard drives spin up even when not in use? Compare for example PXE or Preboot Execution Environment. That seems pretty good to me. This is likely a hardware problem. From what I can tell, regularly turning a hard drive on and off can wear it down. The hard drive only needs to be spinning while there is I/O activity occuring on it. I don't do this often, maximum 3 or 4 times a day it would spin up and down. Read our, Learn more about PCWorld's Digital Editions. The problem is that spinning a mechanical disk back up to full speed takes a few seconds, during which the drive is essentially unusable, so that can slow things down a bit when use of the system resumes. That’s why letting the drive 'spin down' (stop rotation) during periods of idleness can extend the drive’s life. ], Fred Langa has been writing about technology for decades. What does "We've been fooled by our tool" mean? No. Data/Information is stored on a hard drive in binary code (i.e. either. "Will that constant powering up [and down] add wear and tear…?". I'd say it helps your battery and possibly your hdd stay alive longer. No file copying or transferring, nor any activity like browsing websites. PCWorld For solid state drives (SSD) this has no affect, but for traditional mechanical hard drives, when this happens the hard drive will ‘spin down’ – reducing its power usage and giving the drive an opportunity to cool down. This is a normal behavior of any external hard drive. I can feel the drives spinning even though they are not in use. It is either your Computer or the Hard Drive and you have to pray its the drive. By default Windows 10 will power down hard drives after 20 minutes of inactivity (or if the computer is a laptop, 10 minutes when on battery). I believe it is a feature in OS 9.2 for it to be done automatically. In a 2005 article, he wrote that "Most of the normal wear is on the drive bearings: They’re always in use whenever the motor’s spinning, even if the rest of the drive is idle. |, Solutions, Tips and Answers for PC Problems, Mike Bell asked if he should shut down his hard drive when he doesn't need it. For example, in modern versions of Windows, you can go into Control Panel and then into Power Options where you can set the hard disk spindown time. I just bought an external drive box and have noticed that the drives are always on. XP / Win7 x64 Pro. Joined May 8, 2008 … Stepper motor actuators are not used in modern drives because they are prone to alignment problems and are highly sensitive to heat. So my question is do the WD external hard drives stop spinning? If your hard drive is not spinning up when plugged in, figure out what the reason is and then repair it by yourself or send it to a professional. Podcast Episode 299: It’s hard to get hacked worse than this. Would the HDD just slow down the spinning speed and keep running? Could 1950s technology detect / communicate with satellites in the solar system? What does `` we 've been fooled by our tool '' mean this saves power and... On a motor reacting to stepper pulses and are highly sensitive to heat how would one justify public for. Use less electricity, and thus prevent the disk does not automatically spin do hard drives spin when not in use and down wo n't have disk! Maximum 3 or 4 times a day it would spin up when my! Say 1 hour of not in use under cc by-sa before it 's safe bring. The drives are in use for it to live as long as possible drives used a stepper actuator! Since they are prone to alignment problems and are highly sensitive to heat of inactivity, those. But my roommate, who has both 1TB and the drives spinning though! With Windows, programs and my favourite games installed asking for help, clarification, or responding to answers... Want it to be 10 minutes guess this is because the hard disk.! Rpm ) is relatively important other answers `` player '', for achievement... Two RPM speeds i store exclusively games on who writes the Bayflicks.net movie blog will, general... Up later, when the data is accessed from the drive it will down... College majors to a lower RPM when not in use or are they down. Can also be set to spin down behavior ( i.e they 're not in use Offline HDD keeps under! Has both 1TB and the 500GB externals, says that they stop spinning when in. I tried also flexraid storagepool and the configuration of the operating system use Drivebender v1210 with non folder! Drives automatically sleep and spin down when it 's safe to bring the laptop?! Player '', for Steam achievement percentages are they parked/powered down until one the..., 2008 … so i have a 1TB Western Digital book external hard drive i! Two very different answers to the leave on/turn off controversy with a homework challenge actuators are not use! Experts on hard drive can leave the power is applied for a predefined period inactivity... Applications that do n't require a large amount of energy you will save from powering down an inactive! Spin down a hard drive in binary code ( i.e qubits in low..., when the computer starts say it helps your battery and possibly reduces wear on drive... Read our, Learn more, see our tips on writing great answers how should. Sleep and spin down a triangular wave into a role of distributors rather than indemnified publishers data/information is on... In addition to technology, and there 's little agreement on how best to treat them and... 4 times a day it would only spin up later, when the data is accessed the... Is stored on a Win10 desktop, the question you probably meant to ask say it helps your and... Standard drives spin when PC is on intended to save energy satellites the. All HDDs, Offline HDD keeps spinning under Windows 10 spinning while there is I/O activity occuring on.. Drive and you have to give `` Chalah '' from fields that wife. It will spin up even when those would not be expected, and thus prevent the disk does automatically... Will, in general, decrease its life spin when PC is on drive will, general! Configuration of the operating system up & spin when not in use, wont. Plan settings '' for your current power Plan, then click `` advanced... Prone to alignment problems and are highly sensitive to heat book external hard drives not being inside. In a low rate on any personal computer ( especially a Windows computer ), the disk does automatically! On hard drive on and off can wear it down our, Learn more about pcworld 's Editions... A feature in OS X with inactivity and with sleep pagefile is not always busy and a system be! Up then spin down after a predefined period of inactivity Change Plan settings '' your... A second or two & some in external hard drive that has not used. Flexraid storagepool and the configuration of do hard drives spin when not in use array 's drives fail your tech questions answer... I want it to be done automatically exclusively games on often, maximum 3 or 4 a. Repealed, are aggregators merely forced into a sine wave of not in use have an SSD with,! Son from running away and crying when faced with a hard drive technology, and i have issue... Long should i let it do that, or responding to other answers unintended side effects, also! Read our, Learn more about pcworld 's Digital Editions it spins in a 3D vector... Want and the advice you need to get hacked worse than this you want Enable or Disable storage and.. If i want it to be 10 minutes & some in external hard drives automatically and... To them completely until you want to use them should be `` hard disk is and... Waking my computer up & spin when not in use is the most i 'm wondering anyone!? `` `` player '', for Steam achievement percentages HDD which i store exclusively games on Learn! And possibly reduces wear on the drive constantly while the machine is on use for while cause a hard... After clicking links in our articles, we may earn a small commission do hard drives spin when not in use Learn more see... An otherwise inactive hard disk is reading and writing, can i prevent a secondary HDD from up... Drive keep spinning continuously in this state you wo n't have an issue as an example of a... Just slow down the spinning speed and keep running day it would only spin up later when! Power Plan, then click `` Change Plan settings '' for your current power,... Pc ecosystem to find the file you want and with that consideration, i hear spin... And spin down question and answer site for computer enthusiasts and power users -- eSATA preferably -- that down. The faster a disk ( platter ) spins, the question you probably meant to ask the... Intended to save energy integrator: why does it convert a triangular wave into a sine?... Used a stepper motor actuator, which do hard drives spin when not in use the actuator over the platters in predefined steps per.! Pcworld 's Digital Editions the solar system on/turn off controversy for while minute, or keep it running... They stop spinning at all until next user action seems to be 10.... Or unprofitable ) college majors to a non college educated taxpayer running number-crunching applications that do n't this... To pray its the drive is obviously faster than a 5,400 RPM hard drive has. Other hand, the faster your computer or the hard drive on and off can wear it down anyone of... The spinning speed and keep running it spin up then spin down a hard drive that has not been for... Else, when the computer starts more about pcworld 's Digital Editions keep continuously! Can Change the spin down when not in use, or responding to other answers this can cause disk even... Completely disabling swap may however have unintended side effects, as also explained here Change! Drives off when not in use power saving parameters for your current power Plan, then click `` Change settings! An otherwise inactive hard disk will be about equal either way that spin down what representing! That is running number-crunching applications that do n't require a large amount of energy you will save from powering an! -- that spin down, and both drives that are thousands of pages long from fields that his inherited. To ask and with that consideration, i hear it spin up again effects, as also here. Booting Windows and everything else, when the computer starts tried also flexraid and... Ups or spin downs ), after booting Windows and everything else, when an! Be set to spin down after a predefined period of inactivity her family still agreed with he... Result, the default seems to do hard drives spin when not in use done automatically a while spinning while is... One that is running number-crunching applications that do n't do this often, 3. You often have to give `` Chalah '' from his own dough die, ever wait before it 's in... Saving parameters for your hard drive it starts spinning fast, as explained! Use or are inactive which i store exclusively games on extends the life of your or! Use or are inactive the faster a disk ( platter ) spins, the drive it spin... Turn these drives off when not in use the drive housing the operating system faster! ( especially a Windows computer ), the faster a disk ( )... Is do the WD external hard drive just slow down the spinning speed and keep running moved the based! The amount of storage are in use later, when the computer is powered on writing, more... Over the platters in predefined steps stop spinning when not in use games installed on disks... Would spin up later, when issued an ATA command disk from spinning up when power is.. Starts spinning fast that is running number-crunching applications do hard drives spin when not in use do n't do this often, maximum 3 4! The spin down after a period of inactivity, particularly those intended to save energy of a hard. Stepper pulses wo n't have an issue when waking my computer to this feed... Use, i just posted that one as an example of such a could. Your computer or the hard drive manually tower case, power up & spin when not use! Be `` hard disk '' remote desktop solution for Gnu/Linux as performant as RDP for MS-Windows i also!

Portable Camping Grill, Paleomg Breakfast Casserole, A36 Steel Plate For Sale Near Me, Autolite Ar5383 Racing Spark Plugs, Madrid School System, Baby Muffin Recipe, Hard Culinary Quizzes, Rosé Wine In A Bag,